Betty is a very smart woman and over the years she had come to rely heavily on her estate planning attorney for guidance. So much so, that she would travel over 45 miles to see him. They had built a partnership on trust and his advice was as good as gold.
Recently, Betty’s grandson Benson announced that he planned to start a photography business. In addition to his normal day job, he had been working weekends photographing weddings and parties for several years, and had developed a strong following.
Betty knew that her grandson had worked very hard and wanted to help him get his new business off to a solid financial start. There was a lot of equipment to buy, a small space to rent and a change in income for Benson when he left his job to pursue photography full time.
Betty thought she could help financially and wanted to make a gift of about $150,000 to her grandson to get him up and running.
Betty set a time to visit with her attorney to make sure it was OK to make the gift. She had heard about gift taxes and was worried about paying them. She was also worried that somehow she was not being fair to her granddaughter, who was a stay at home mom. Betty wanted to make sure that her granddaughter would be treated equally, but did not feel that it was the right time to make a large gift to her granddaughter.
The first thing Betty’s attorney did was to ask her to complete an updated financial profile, so they would be able to make sure that Betty had enough money to make the business investment and still maintain her lifestyle.
Once they were satisfied that she had the money to make the gift, the attorney explained that as of 2016 she could make annual gifts to her grandson of $14,000, but she could also make lifetime gifts of up to $5,450,000. All without paying any gift taxes. (These amounts can change from year to year so be sure to check for updated limits.)
Finally, Betty’s attorney explained that while she could gift the money outright to her grandson, she might be better off making a loan to him, secured by the photography equipment.
Betty was not sure she liked the idea so she asked for reasons why she should make a loan instead of a gift. The attorney explained that the loan would make the transaction more businesslike and might encourage her grandson to work hard to make sure the loan could be re-paid. It also meant that if something went wrong with the photography business, the equipment could be sold and Betty could recover some of her investment. In addition, the loan would be an asset in her estate and could be forgiven. But it also would be a way of tracking the fact that Benson had received money and allow the estate to equalize this “gift” to Betty’s granddaughter when Betty died.
Betty gave the matter some thought and decided that it made sense to make the loan. She had her attorney document the loan with a promissory note and an amendment to her living trust to add loan forgiveness language.
Several years later, Betty is still alive and enjoys watching her grandson’s success.
She has since made a similar loan to her granddaughter to help her buy a small ski home in Vermont where Betty and all of her family meet at least once a year for a get together much to her delight.
Gifting or loaning money to your grandchildren can help your grandchildren get a good start in life. Gifts can also give great pleasure. Keep in mind that there are several ways to accomplish your goals. An experienced attorney can be helpful in terms of thinking through the different ways to accomplish your particular goals in the best way possible.